Resourcing the national curriculum for KS1-2

These pages are continuously updated as the GA provide more ideas to help you in resourcing the national curriculum in your school.


The GA has produced a primary curriculum guidance poster ‘Geography: A place in your curriculum’ provides support for teaching the geography Programmes of Study. It can be purchased from the shop. On the reverse of this attractive A1 poster featuring images and key words from the world of geography there are eight A4 panels give advice and guidance on how to teach key aspects of the primary curriculum:

  • Teaching about... where places are
  • Teaching about... maps
  • Teaching about... where we live
  • Teaching about... physical geography

These guidance sheets provide teaching activities and further ideas of how to develop effective practice and high quality geography in your classroom.

Places and locations

Location knowledge has a prominent place in the 2014 curriculum. At key stage 1 pupils are expected to name and locate the world’s continents and oceans and the countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom. At key stage 2 pupils are expected to locate the world’s countries, identify the position and significance of latitude and longitude. They should also be able to name and locate cities of the United Kingdom. This will allow pupils to take the next steps, in key stage 3, to extend their locational knowledge and deepen their spatial awareness of the world’s countries using maps of the world.

Children develop useful mental maps and locational knowledge when:

  • they are involved in investigations in their school’s grounds and local area, using ground and aerial photographs with maps to locate features, and drawing maps, as integral in their studies. This facilitates discussion of locations, links and area;
  • from Year 1, they recognise maps of the British Isles, with its countries, and the basic features on the world map, its continents and oceans, and have handled globes and looked in atlases;
  • pupils take a Barnaby Bear toy away on a holiday or for a weekend at home to photograph and track sites and routes they visit or use and share this experience and their knowledge, including their maps and diaries, with other children;
  • their studies of topics and places are set in real places, enabling them to develop their knowledge of places nationally, in Europe and globally using globes and atlas and wall maps, helping them to be able to name and locate major events and places and key map features, such as the Equator; teachers have an informed locational knowledge, and are able to help children locate places locally, nationally and globally using their own knowledge and helping the children use globes, atlases and maps to find places and talk about what is there;
  • teachers ensure up-to-date appropriate maps, atlases and globes, and web-based and other ICT map sources, are regularly accessible for children to search and use;
  • pupil’s knowledge about the world is noted as an aspect of their attainment.

Primary resources

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