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Geographical practice

The procedural knowledge and skills used in learning geography are about doing, finding out, making, thinking, analysing and applying. The term geographical practice is used to cover all of the skills, competencies, methods and ways of thinking that are integral to the study of geography as a discipline. Geographical practice is working ‘like a geographer’. It is how geographers find out and make sense of the world.

Geographical practice includes the skills of thinking and argumentation and the methods and approaches of geographical enquiry as well as more practical techniques such as using maps and GIS. It involves applying our conceptual understanding of the discipline and thinking geographically to analyse problems, make decisions and argue a case.

Geographical practice includes both quantitative and qualitative methods. Quantitative methods involve taking measurements and using digital data, hypothesis testing and statistical analysis. Qualitative includes techniques such as interviews, using case studies or analysing images and text.

Practices become geographical when they are applied to geographical topics and develop new geographical knowledge.

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